13.05.2018

8 vs 16 bit in photoshop title banner.psd

 

This article is not about any color gamut or color profiles. This article just covers only the practical effects of an 8-bit and 16-bit workflow. An 8-bit photo file has a total color depth of 24, since 8 bits are provided for the primary colors red, green and blue (3*8). These amount of colors are much more what the human eye, or better said brain, can differ. But if you start to edit a file with 8 bit color depth the colors and tones start to get stretched and crushed, what leads to banding.

 

This visible tonal gradation is avoidable with 16 bit. With 16 bit there are 16 bit for the primary colors, so a picture could have a color depth of 48 bit (3*16). Could be because cameras record 12-16 bits per color channel. The Nikon D750 and D850 taking raw pictures with 14 bit. These two camera models are able to capture 16.384 shades of red, 16.384 shades of green and 16.384 of blue (2^14). If we multiply this we arrive at 4.398.046.511.104 (over 4 trillion) possible colors instead of 16.8 million colors with an 8 bit file.

8 bit editingVisible banding in the sky and water.

8 bit zoomSame picture zoomed at the sky. You can see the tonal gradation.

This allows a much finer gradation of colors and avoids banding and this is only possible in the raw format. If you take your pictures in jpeg you lose information in colors. The good news is if you edit your photos in Lightroom the standard setting is 16 bit and do yourself a favor, don’t change these settings. Of course it takes the double storage space but you have a lot more possibilities to edit your photo.

16 bit editingThe 16 bit version, no banding and a smooth gradation. More hues and more drawing in the shadows. The edits have the exact same settings.

In the raw converter in Photoshop is 8 bit the standard setting. This can be changed when you open a raw file and click on the bottom for the workflow options. There you can change the depth to 16 bit and you should also change the gamut to the ProPhoto RGB for more play and for a higher future security. If you want change it when the picture is already imported, provided the source file was recorded with a larger color depth, you can go to Image, Mode and change there the color depth. The editing in 16 bit needs of course more resources but nowadays the platforms where you can edit a photo are powerful enough for more extensive color work.

workflow optionsThe workflow options for camera raw.

change depthChanging the color depth after opening the file.

These instructions are only intended to provide for quality awareness and how recommendable it is to make full use of all the possibilities offered by a camera.

 

 

Leave a comment!
   
In order to design my website optimally for you and to be able to continuously improve it, I use cookies. By continuing to use the website, you agree to the use of cookies. Only the following anonymized data will be evaluated by Google Analytics: Duration of the session, number of page visitors, which pages were visited, bounce rate. This allows me to determine which content is of interest to my visitors and which topics are not. This information helps me to make my website better for my visitors in the future, so everyone benefits from this analysis. The use of Google Analytics Cookies can be contradicted at any time in my data security explanation.
More information I accept